Can Bearded Dragons Eat Broccoli?

Bearded dragons are beloved pets that require a balanced diet to stay healthy. Due to their omnivorous nature, they are capable of consuming a wide range of foods, including fruits, vegetables, and insects. One common question among bearded dragon owners is whether or not these reptiles can eat broccoli.

Broccoli is a nutritious vegetable that’s packed with vitamins and minerals. However, not all vegetables are safe for bearded dragons to eat. Some vegetables can cause digestive issues or even be toxic to these animals. In this article, we’ll explore whether or not broccoli is a safe and healthy food option for bearded dragons.

Can Bearded Dragons Eat Broccoli

Can Bearded Dragon Eat Broccoli

Bearded dragons can consume broccoli, but it is recommended to limit their intake. Broccoli contains oxalic acid, which can be harmful to their health if consumed in excess. So, it’s best to give them a small amount of broccoli as part of a balanced diet.

Nutritional Value of Broccoli

Broccoli has many nutritional benefits for bearded dragons, including protein, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, Vitamin B-6, Vitamin A, beta-carotene, Vitamin C, and Vitamin K.

However, it is important to note that the calcium to phosphorus ratio is almost reversed in broccoli, so it should be fed in appropriate amounts. Despite this, broccoli still offers many trace vitamins and nutrients that are healthy for bearded dragons.

Nutrition Facts For 100g Of Broccoli

NutrientAmount (per 100g)
Dietary Fiber2.6g
Vitamin C89.2mg
Vitamin A31µg
Vitamin K101.6µg
Vitamin E0.78mg
Lutein + zeaxanthin1403µg
Ca:P (Calcium to Phosphorus Ratio)1:1.4

Pros of Feeding Broccoli to Your Bearded Dragon

Broccoli can be a highly beneficial addition to your bearded dragon’s diet. Here are just a few of the advantages.

High Protein and Fiber Content

Broccoli is an excellent source of protein and fiber, both of which are essential for a healthy digestive system. The protein content in broccoli can help meet your bearded dragon’s protein requirements, while the fiber helps keep the digestive system functioning properly.

Contains Many Trace Nutrients and Vitamins

Broccoli is packed with a variety of vitamins and minerals that are essential for your bearded dragon’s health. While the calcium content is lower than some other vegetables, it makes up for it by providing a wide range of nutrients, including iron, vitamin A, vitamin K, vitamin C, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, and vitamin B-6.

Beta-carotene, found in broccoli, helps to absorb calcium into the bloodstream and can even improve your bearded dragon’s color over time.

High Water Content

Bearded dragons typically don’t need foods that are high in water content, as they only eat once a day and require nutrient-dense meals. However, if your beardie is dehydrated, water-rich foods like broccoli, watermelon, cucumber, spinach, and celery can be beneficial in helping them regain hydration.

Low Sugar Content

In the wild, bearded dragons consume mostly insects and plant leaves, which are low in sugar. Feeding your pet high-sugar foods can negatively affect their health. Fortunately, broccoli is a great option for bearded dragons because it contains only a little over 1% sugar, making it a safe and healthy choice.

Cons of Feeding Broccoli to Your Bearded Dragon

Feeding broccoli to your bearded dragon can have some drawbacks that you should consider.

Calcium to Phosphorus Ratio

The ratio of calcium to phosphorus is critical for a bearded dragon’s health. Broccoli has a high amount of phosphorus and a low amount of calcium, which can result in your pet’s body not absorbing enough calcium. This can lead to metabolic bone disease (MBD). It’s essential to balance the ratio by using calcium supplements.

High Amounts of Oxalates and Goitrogens

Broccoli contains oxalates and goitrogens, which can be harmful in large amounts. Oxalates bind to calcium and prevent absorption, while goitrogens can affect the thyroid. Feeding broccoli regularly to your bearded dragon can result in an unhealthy animal.

Overall, it’s important to be mindful of the cons of feeding broccoli to your bearded dragon. While it can be a nutritious addition to their diet, it should be given in moderation, and the calcium to phosphorus ratio should be balanced with supplements.

Why is Broccoli Safe For Bearded Dragons

Broccoli is safe for bearded dragons because it contains a variety of essential nutrients, such as calcium, vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin K, potassium, folate, high water content, manganese, iron, and fiber.

These nutrients help keep your beardie healthy by supporting eye health, growth, immune system, bone health, proper blood clotting, heart health, muscle function, cell health, blood oxygenation, digestion, metabolism, and inflammation prevention. Additionally, broccoli has low sugar content, which is important to avoid health issues in your pet.

Why is Broccoli Not Absolutely Safe For Beardies

Although broccoli is a nutritious vegetable for bearded dragons, it is not completely safe for them. Broccoli has a higher ratio of phosphorus to calcium, which can lead to calcium depletion in the dragon’s body and increase the risk of metabolic bone disease (MBD).

MBD can cause weak bones, deformities, and even paralysis. Broccoli is known to contain oxalic acid, which has the potential to reduce calcium absorption. It’s important to understand when and how to serve broccoli to your bearded dragon to ensure their health and well-being.

Why Is Too Much Broccoli Harmful To Bearded Dragons

Feeding your bearded dragon too much broccoli can lead to several problems, including not enough calcium, too much phosphorus, and the presence of oxalic acid. Broccoli is low in calcium, which can lead to metabolic bone disease and symptoms such as loss of appetite, poor bone development, and weakness or paralysis.

Broccoli also contains more phosphorus than calcium, which can lead to nutritional or metabolic problems. Broccoli has oxalic acid that can prevent calcium absorption in bearded dragons.

It’s best to only give your bearded dragon a small amount of broccoli once in a while to avoid these issues. If there are signs that your bearded dragon may have metabolic bone disease, it is crucial to seek medical attention from a veterinarian for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

How Much Broccoli Can a Bearded Dragon Eat

Bearded dragons can have a small amount of broccoli occasionally, but it’s best to limit their intake. Giving them one small floret per month is a good guideline to follow. This will offer a suitable amount of nutrients while avoiding excessive phosphorus intake.

How to Prepare Broccoli for Your Bearded Dragon

If you’re planning to feed your bearded dragon some broccoli, it’s crucial to prepare it correctly to ensure their safety and well-being.

1. Choose Fresh and Organic Broccoli

Fresh, organic broccoli is the best option for your bearded dragon. It’s important to avoid any spoiled or rotten food that could cause health problems. Choose the freshest broccoli available to ensure your lizard is getting the most nutrients.

2. Wash the Broccoli Thoroughly

Before feeding your bearded dragon, make sure to wash the broccoli thoroughly. This will remove any unnecessary compounds such as insecticides and preservatives. Proper washing will help prevent your lizard from ingesting harmful chemicals.

3. Soak the Broccoli in Cold Water

Soaking the broccoli in cold water can help separate dirt and insects that may not be removed through standard washing. It also helps to soften the broccoli slightly, making it easier for your bearded dragon to digest.

4. Cut the Broccoli into Smaller Pieces

To make it easier for your bearded dragon to eat, cut the broccoli leaves and florets into smaller, more manageable pieces. Avoid feeding your lizard the stem, as it can be a choking hazard.

By following these tips, you can safely introduce broccoli into your bearded dragon’s diet and provide them with a healthy and nutritious meal.

How to Feed Broccoli to Your Bearded Dragon

To feed broccoli to your bearded dragon cut a small floret and wash it before cutting it into smaller pieces. Put it in the bearded dragon’s food bowl along with other veggies like bell peppers, beet greens, swiss chard, or mustard greens.

Mix the food well and sprinkle calcium dust on top before presenting it to your bearded dragon. Providing a varied diet may offset any potential adverse effects of feeding broccoli to a bearded dragon.

How Often Can a Bearded Dragon Eat Broccoli

Broccoli can be included in the diet of bearded dragons once a month but in limited quantities. Give them only one small floret because larger pieces have too much oxalic acid and the wrong calcium ratio, which can be harmful to them.

Can Baby Or Juvenile Bearded Dragons Eat Broccoli

Feeding broccoli to a baby bearded dragon is possible, but not recommended. If you do give them broccoli, make sure it’s a very small piece. There are many other nutritious foods you can feed your baby beardies, such as collard greens, mustard greens, and green beans. These options are safer and healthier for your pet.

Can Bearded Dragons Eat Broccoli Raw

Raw broccoli can be included in the diet of bearded dragons as it provides them with essential nutrients. Cooking or freezing broccoli can remove important nutrients. Stick to raw broccoli florets to ensure your bearded dragon gets the most out of this nutritious veggie.

Can Bearded Dragons Eat Cooked Broccoli

While bearded dragons can eat cooked broccoli, it’s best to give them raw veggies so they get the most nutrients. Cooked broccoli loses some of its nutritional value, including reduced levels of Sulforaphane, a sulfur-rich compound that has many health benefits. Sulfur is an essential element that plays a key role in the body, helping to make proteins and improving metabolism.

Which Broccoli is Better Frozen Or Cooked

Neither frozen nor cooked broccoli is good for your bearded dragon. Fresh vegetables or raw broccoli are always the best options. Frozen broccoli loses many of the nutrients that are beneficial for your pet, and cooked broccoli also loses nutrients.

If you have to feed your pet frozen broccoli, thaw it to room temperature and mix it with fresh veggies. Never feed your pet cooked food as it can irritate their digestive system and have negative effects on their health. In their natural habitat, bearded dragons don’t cook their food.


Can Bearded Dragons Eat Broccoli Every Day?

Feeding your bearded dragon broccoli every day is not recommended. Experts have varying opinions on how often broccoli should be fed to your dragon, with some saying it’s okay to feed regularly and others recommending it be offered rarely. It’s safe to say that feeding broccoli once every 2-4 weeks is enough. However, it’s best to consult with your vet to determine the individual needs of your pet.

Can Bearded Dragons Eat Broccoli Leaves?

Bearded dragons can consume broccoli leaves as part of their diet. However, it’s important to shred them so they can be easily digested. Because broccoli is in the cabbage family, it’s best to only give your bearded dragon small amounts of the leaves.

Can Bearded Dragons Eat Broccoli Sprouts?

No, you should not feed your bearded dragon broccoli sprouts. These sprouts contain chemicals that can affect thyroid function and high amounts of oxalic acid which can negatively impact calcium absorption. It’s best to avoid feeding broccoli sprouts to your bearded dragon.

Can Bearded Dragons Eat Broccoli Stems?

Yes, bearded dragons can eat broccoli stems as long as they are shredded into small pieces. Give them a piece of stem that is about the size of one small broccoli floret and avoid feeding them any more broccoli for the rest of the month.

Can Bearded Dragons Eat Broccoli Florets?

Broccoli florets are a suitable food for bearded dragons. However, due to the high levels of oxalic acid and goitrogens, it’s recommended to only feed them one small floret per month. The florets are the easiest parts to feed to your bearded dragon.

How Do I Serve Broccoli to Bearded Dragons?

Broccoli is good as a treat, not as a main source of nutrition. Buy organic veggies for treats. Wash them thoroughly to remove contaminants. Cut them into small pieces to prevent choking. Add to your beardie’s salad and serve. Simple!


In conclusion, while bearded dragons can eat broccoli in moderation, it’s important to remember that a varied diet is key to keeping your pet healthy and happy. As with any new food, introduce it slowly and watch for any adverse reactions. And don’t forget to consult with a veterinarian or reptile expert for further advice on the best diet for your bearded dragon.