The egg incubation period is defined as the time it takes for eggs to hatch. It is also a time where Bearded dragon breeders need to make sure that the eggs are managed correctly.
Under ideal conditions, Bearded dragon eggs can take anything between 50 and 80 days to hatch/incubate (the average is 62 days). Factors affecting ideal incubation conditions are temperature, humidity, pre-incubation management, and the incubation substrate. Also, see Bearded dragon breeding for more information.
The incubation temperature is probably the most important factor determining how long Bearded dragon eggs will take to hatch. The ideal average temperature used by many breeders is 29 °C / 84 °F. Higher average incubation temperatures will lead to shorter incubation periods and lower temperatures will lead to longer incubation periods. Average temperatures above 32 °C / 90 °F degrees can quickly kill developing embryos. Also, see Bearded dragon egg incubation temperatures and Bearded dragon temperatures for additional information.
Ideal incubation humidity
It is generally accepted that Bearded dragon eggs should be incubated in a high average humidity. Although not always easy to maintain without proper management, the average egg incubation humidity should be around 70 – 80%. Average humidities between 40 and 50% are also acceptable. When the incubation humidity is constantly too low (i.e. <40%), eggs will run the risk of drying out and will start to shrink and collapse – causing embryos to die. Humidities above 85% are also undesirable and will lead to an increase in mold and bacterial growth. Also, see correct humidity for Bearded dragons for additional information.
Ideal incubation substrates
The ideal substrate to use for Bearded dragon egg incubation is one that is clean and able to retain moisture. The most popular substrates used for incubating Bearded dragon eggs are moist vermiculite and perlite. Both these substrates are clean and retain their moisture well. Also, see Bearded dragon substrates for more information.
Ideal pre-incubation period
Damage eggs will take longer to incubate or not hatch at all. Before transferring the eggs to the incubator, the incubator should already be set up to reach the desired temperature and humidity and the eggs should have been deposited into an egg-laying container. Also, see Bearded dragon breeding for more information.
Management during the incubation period
The eggs and the incubator should be monitored during the entire incubation process. The incubator temperature and humidity should be measured using a thermometer and hygrometer and should be recorded. Any deviations from the required ranges should be rectified immediately to prevent the embryos from dying. Bad/infected eggs should be removed and discarded as they appear.